My research agenda currently focuses on two main topics: the political consequences of technological change and the experiences and preferences of political elites.
Technological change: Work in progress
Demand for policies to shelter citizens from digitalization-related risks With Alex Kuo Data analysis in progress
Support for the EU’s “Next Generation” Digitalization Initiative With Alex Kuo, Silja Häusermann and Reto Wüest Data analysis in progress
Technological change: Working papers
"Automation versus openness: Support for policies to address job threats", accepted at the Journal of Public Policy With Alexander Kuo and Dulce Manzano Does the threat of automation to workers' employment provoke distinct policy preferences from the threat of globalization? Despite a burgeoning set of studies of consequences of rapid automation in the workplace, there remain few studies that directly compare the impact of these structural threats on public policy preferences. We present hypotheses about how these different threats affect support for policies to prevent such shocks as well as policies to compensate via redistribution, with a focus on policies that address the most affected workers. Using a vignette experiment and a conjoint experiment embedded in survey evidence from Spain, we find that the threat of automation does not provoke any greater demand for redistribution than does openness. We do observe, however, an important difference: while the threat of offshoring does cause greater support for policies designed to prevent this process from happening, scenarios of robot substitution do not provoke a similar reaction Accepted at the Journal for Public Policy
Public Support for Digitalization-Related Policies With Nicolas Bicchi and Alexander Kuo What policies do individuals prefer in response to the labor market risks related to the ongoing processes of digitalization and automation? To what extent does being exposed to different forms of “technological risk” condition such preferences? In this paper, we advance existing research on this topic by distinguishing between among three main dimensions of technological risks (general concern about negative technological impacts, concern about tasks in one’s job being automated, and stress about learning new technology “technostress”), as well as and preferences for three types of policies related to these risks (compensation, retraining, and protectionist policies intended to slow down or prevent technological change). Using new survey evidence from Spain, we find little evidence that technological risks matter for preferences for compensation or retraining, but they do condition support for protectionist policies. We conclude with implications for politics in the current context of rapid digitalization. Published as a working paper by the EU Science Hub. Under review Political elites: Working papers
Historical Family Types and Female Political Representation: Persistence and Change With Dídac Queralt and Ana Tur-Prats This paper argues that the way families were organized in premodern Europe exerts lasting consequences for women's political engagement. In stem families cohabitation with mothers-in-law allowed adult women to share responsibility for domestic production and engage in paid employment. In nuclear families newlyweds created new households, forcing wives to specialize in domestic production. To examine the longterm effects of unequal gendered division of labor, we combine historical census data with municipality-level election data from Spain between 1978 and 2015. Although historical family types vanished in the twentieth century, former stem-family regions show higher female labor force participation, more progressive gender attitudes, and higher female political representation. We also investigate the way voluntary party quotas counteracted political discrimination against women in regions formerly populated by nuclear families. By focusing on historical family structure, we uncover an original cause of female political underrepresentation in Europe and shed light on both historical persistence and change. Working paper here. Currently under review